Pigmentation on face, also called melasma, is a skin condition that causes dark patches to appear on your face. This usually occurs in highly visible areas like the forehead, cheeks and nose. The discolouration is sometimes very pronounced. You should know the causes of this condition and the treatments that are available today.
Common Causes of Pigmentation on Face
Melasma occurs when special cells called melanocytes start to produce too much pigment. Melanocytes are the cells that maintain the normal colour of your skin. It is not fully known why the cells start to behave in this way. It is possible that excessive exposure to the sun over long periods of time can trigger mutations in the cells. Hormonal changes from pregnancy or hormone replacement therapy can trigger the condition. Harsh makeup has also been known to cause melasma. Fortunately, the condition can be treated.
One of the most common and effective treatments is a chemical peel. A peel is a cosmetic treatment that uses a special solution on your face and neck. The solution actually removes the topmost layers of your skin. This reveals new and younger skin underneath. It also triggers the production of new skin and collagen cells. A peel can actually lift away the discoloration on your skin completely. There are also times when it will just cause the pigmentation to fade. Multiple peels are sometimes needed if the pigmentation on face is very dark.
Another possible treatment for melasma is microdermabrasion. This is a form of professional exfoliation. A professional will direct a stream of small crystals or beads at your skin. These particles will start to knock away old and dead skin cells. This can help with melasma because it strips away the layers of skin where the darker pigment is located. Microdermabrasion usually provides subtle results. This means you might need to go through several treatments to see a significant lightening of the discoloured areas.
There are over-the-counter and prescription topical creams available that can sometimes help to restore your normal skin pigmentation. One of the most common uses a chemical called hydroquinone. This cream works by inhibiting the ability of your melanocytes to produce pigment. The result will be a lightening of the discoloured areas over time. A second cream contains powerful corticosteroids. This type of cream changes how your skin cells work but can also weaken your immune system.
Laser treatments can sometimes help to remove pigmentation on face. Very precise bursts of laser light are used to remove your upper skin cells. The lasers are so accurate that they allow professionals to remove just one layer of skin at a time. The laser can actually vaporise the discoloured skin cells. You can see a dramatic difference after just one or two treatments. An issue with laser treatments is that they sometimes cause side effects like redness and swelling that will last for some time and affect the appearance of your face. Some treatments can even cause a different type of discolouration in rare cases.
A final option for people who have only very slight pigmentation problems is to use makeup. A combination of primer, normal makeup, foundation and a setting powder can often effectively camouflage the discolouration for a whole day. This works well only with light discolouration since darker patches will end up showing through the makeup.
The many treatments for pigmentation on face mean you do not have to just live with discoloured patched of skin. You can fight back and regain the clear and consistent complexion that you want. There are currently treatments available for every type of skin and every level of discolouration.Read More